发新话题
打印

The pagoda

The pagoda

In the first centuries A.D., the coming of Buddhism did not strongly affect the Chinese architectural style. Although there was considerable building activity, temples continued to be constructed in the native tradition. The only distinctly Buddhist type of building is the pagoda, which derived from the Indian stupa. Several masonry pagodas are extant that date from the 6th cent. In the T'ang period (618–906) pagodas were usually simple, square structures; they later became more elaborate in shape and adornment.

In the 11th cent. a distinctive type of pagoda was created in the Liao territory. Built in three different stages, with a base, a shaft, and a crown, the structure was surmounted by a spire. Its plan was often octagonal, possibly as a result of the influence of Tantric Buddhism in which the cosmological scheme was arranged into eight compass points rather than four. One of the finest Liao structures is the White Pagoda at Chengde.
_____________________
今天刚好看到一篇文章,说是bbc online上的文章,本来想从网上找出来,可惜没找到。
里头说,日本的这种木结构的pagoda,屋檐的宽度大于整个塔直径的1/4,塔的头是很重的。
despite their height and weight, have remained upright and intact through numerous earthquakes and typhoons is something that no one has been able to explain satisfactorily from the standpoint of modern architectonics.

还说,it built of interlocking posts and beams are so resistant to earthquakes and typhoons that Japan's long architectural history records only a very few instances of their collapsing. 有的已经有1300年历史。
不过我觉得很好奇的是,说这种结构,抗得了几级的地震??????汶川的呢种扛得住伐?????
还有,如果换作是竹子,可以做到这效果伐??????

TOP

日本的这种塔虽然是从中国延展过去的,但是,结构上有所改进,所以比中国的塔更抗震动~~~

TOP

发新话题