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设计神经学

设计神经学

斯坦福大学专业发展中心在3月8号举办了一场免费的在线研讨会,其中讨论了设计思维背后的思想。

邀请上写道,

    Mark Schar将探讨认知科学与神经科学方面的最新发现,该发现有助于解释设计思维背后的思想。该发现包含了一个叫做“支点思维”(Pivot Thinking)的概念,它是一种可以重塑问题或变向思考的认知能力。这些概念以及激励这些行为的练习将作为2012年6月设计硕士班的主打课程推出。

pivotthinking.com网站提供了更多关于支点思维的细节。在多数人研究设计过程合作性质的同时,只有少部分人注意到团队单个成员的“设计思维风格”。来自斯坦福大学的科学家们在最近的科研工作中,发现了一个有趣的模式。

其中一些受访者被称为“发散型学习者(divergers)“,他们更喜欢问题而不在乎事实,并倾向于转换问题定义并产生多组答案。相反,还有一类受访者被作为”聚敛型学习者(convergers)”,他们更在乎事实而不是问题本身,他们强烈希望用一个“最佳答案”解决问题。

发散型学习者上手设计过程很快,他们通过以下方式解决问题:

    首先找出最不能接受的方案,而后在过程中做出他们的最终选择。

聚敛型学习者在开始过程时,

    更加谨慎,并且很快地做出最终选择。

如果说由于“发散型学习“和”聚敛型学习”两者之间存在差异而需要进行折中的话,那么被科学家称为支点思维的行为将显得更为适当。

更多细节将在网络研讨会上公布。感兴趣的设计师可以在网站上进行注册。
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The Center of Professional Development at the Stanford University offers a free live seminar on 8th March (9.00 am / PST) addressing the thinking behind design thinking.

According to the invitation,

    Mark Schar will explore the latest findings in cognitive science and neuroscience that helps explain the thinking behind design thinking. This includes a concept called "pivot thinking" which is the cognitive ability to reframe a problem or move in a new direction. These concepts, as well as exercises that encourage this behavior, will also be featured part of the Design Masters program in June 2012.

At the website pivotthinking.com more details on pivot thinking is provided. While many investigate the collaborative nature of the design process, only little attention is paid to the “design thinking style” of individual team members. In their recent scientific work, scientists from Stanford University revealed an interesting pattern.

Some respondents called “divergers” prefer questions over facts and have a tendency to shift problem definitions and generate multiple answers. In contrast, “convergers” prefer facts over questions and have a strong desire to solve problems to a single point “best answer”.

While divergers start the design process quickly and solve the problem by

    first identifying the least preferred option and late in the process, make their final selection,

convergers start the process

    more cautiously and quickly make a final decision.

If there is a difference between “divergers” and “convergers” a mediating behavior would be appropriate which is what the scientists are calling pivot thinking.

More details will be available in the webinar. Interested designers can register at the registration site.
乐乎设计,乐乎生活~

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